Today’s article, ‘Friends: on BJP and its disgruntled allies‘ has been picked from ‘The Indian Express’
This article talks about issues which Bhartiya Janta Party is having with its alliances.The article says that with three dissatisfied allies, the BJP is struggling to hold its partners together and it must rework its relationships with its allies if it wants to head a strong coalition of forces in Elections 2019.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1)Disgruntled (adjective) (असन्तुष्ट) : dis-grun-tald
Meaning – angry or dissatisfied.
Synonyms – aggrieved, dissatisfied, discontented.
Antonyms – pleased, contented
Example – The manager went to the disgruntled customer’s table and offered to take her dinner off of the total bill.
2)Belligerent (adjective) (आक्रामक,युद्धरत) : beli-jur-ent
Meaning – ready to fight
Synonyms – hostile, aggressive, threatening.
Antonyms – friendly, peaceable
Example – While the members of the president’s cabinet wanted him to take a belligerent stance against a neighbouring country, the president sought a peaceful compromise.
3)Strain (noun) (तनाव) : es-train
Meaning – to make a strenuous effort/a severe or excessive demand on the strength, resources, or abilities of someone or something.
Synonyms – pressure, tension, demands/burdens.
Example – She was tired and under great strain as she struggled to study for her exams the following day.
4)Confrontation (noun) (आमना-सामना) : con-front-ashun
Meaning – a hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.
Synonyms – conflict, faceoff, combat/tussle.
Antonyms – Agreement , calm, peace
Example – The race promised a classic confrontation between the two top runners in the world”
5)Perennial (adjective) (चिरस्थायी) : pere-niyal
Meaning – lasting or remaining active throughout the year, or all the time
Synonyms – long-term, persistent, everlasting.
Example – Every election seems to continue to deal with the same perennial issues that have been the focus of all the previous elections.
6)Reluctant (adjective) (अनिच्छुक) : reluk-tant
Meaning – unwilling; not wanting to take some action
Synonyms – Hesitant, unwilling, disinclined, unenthusiastic, grudging, resistant
Antonyms – willing, eager, ready
Example – Though she had gotten her license last year, the father was reluctant to let his daughter drive.
7)Snap (verb) (अचानक अलग करना ) : es-nap
Meaning – break suddenly and completely, typically with a sharp cracking sound.
Synonyms – break suddenly, come apart, separate.
Example – The safety rope snapped and Davis was sucked under the water.
8)Chafe (verb) (मसलना, परेशान होना) : cha-f
Meaning – to worry or fret
Synonyms – be impatient, be angry, be annoyed.
Antonyms – appease, conciliate, mollify, oblige, pacify
Example – Riya is a constant complainer who is always looking for a reason to chafe.
Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article –
9)Mete out (phrasal verb) (आवंटित करना) : meet-aaut
Meaning –To distribute and apply a measure or judgment of something
Synonyms – authorise, dispense, give out, allocate.
Example – The central office gathers information and metes it out to the departments that need it.
10)Better off (phrase) (किस्मत का धनी) : bey-tur-off
Meaning –in a more desirable or advantageous position, especially in financial terms.
Synonyms – Fortunate,lucky
Example The proposals from foreign investors would make the company about £400 a year better off.
11)Count on (phrasal verb) (भरोसा करना) : ka-unt-off
Meaning – to depend on someone to do what you want or expect them to do for you
Synonyms – rely on, depend on, trust on
Antonyms – disbelieve, ignore
Example – The whole team was counting on me, and I did not let them down.
12)Wear thin (phrase) (धीरे-धीरे कमजोर होना) : viyar-thin
Meaning – be gradually used up or become less convincing or acceptable.
Antonyms – cogent, persuasive, powerful, potent
Example – I’ve warned you several times about being late and my patience is wearing thin.
13)Ramp up (phrasal verb) (बढ़ाना) : ramp-up
Meaning – build up or increase something
Synonyms –expand, expansion, extension, multiplication, elevation
Antonyms – decrease, reduce
Example – The bank decided to ramp up the number of employees that would be working during their busiest hours that way they could provide adequate customer service and keep up their business.
Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.
- Inasmuch as
Word of the Day
- Taciturn (Adjective) – अल्प भाषी
- Meaning – (of a person) reserved or uncommunicative in speech; saying little.
- Synonyms: untalkative, uncommunicative, reticent, unforthcoming, quiet
- Antonyms-: talkative, loquacious
- Example (English) –On the witness stand, the normally vocal suspect became taciturn and refused to answer the lawyer’s questions.
- Example (Hindi) – वर्ल्ड गोल्ड काउंसिल के मुताबिक, भारत में सोने की मांग धीमी रहने की संभावना है।
All the best for your exams