Today’s article, ‘Promise and delivery: on Union Budget 2018’ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’
This article discusses the recently present Union Budget 2018-19 presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. The article says that in the Budget 2018-19, populism has an upper hand over fiscal prudence as compared to last four years budget presented by Mr. Arun Jaitley that means the in the latest budget government has focussed more on satisfying the citizens.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1)Vexatious (adjective) (खिजलानेवाला) : vex-ashi-us
Meaning –causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.
Synonyms – annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome, displeasing, infuriating
Antonyms – delightful, pleasing
Example – Vexatious security checks annoyed the hurried travellers who just wanted to get to their destination quickly.
2)Tyranny (noun) (उत्पीड़न, प्रजा पीड़क शासन) : ti-rany
Meaning –excessively cruel use of power/cruel and oppressive government or rule.
Synonyms – despotism, absolutism, absolute power, autocracy, dictatorship
Antonyms – democracy, liberality
Example –Working together, the two countries hoped they could uproot the dictator and free the small nation from tyranny.
3)Frugal (adjective) ( सरल और साद ा, किफ़ायती) : fru-gal
Meaning – simple and plain and costing little/sparing or economical as regards money or food.
Synonyms – meagre, scanty, scant, paltry, skimpy
Antonyms – lavish, sumptuous, lush, costly, opulent, grand
Example – Be more frugal with your expenses, and you will not be in debt.
4)Grandiose (adjective) ( भव्य ) : gran-di-ose
Meaning –extravagantly or pretentiously imposing in appearance or style/appearing to be impressive but not really possible or practical
Synonyms – magnificent, impressive, grand, imposing
Antonyms – unimpressive, humble, modest
Example – Always producing grandiose plans will never work,until you work hard for them.
5)Unremunerative (adjective) ( अलाभकारी) : un-rim-une-rative
Meaning –bringing little or no profit or income.
Synonyms – futile, unprofitable, worthless, valueless.
Antonyms – fruitful, productive, worthwhile
Example – The present management reported that the land was unremunerative and lying idle.
6)Unerring (adjective) ( सही ढंग से) : en-rang-ly
Meaning – always right or accurate.
Synonyms – unfailing, infallible, unswerving, perfect, flawless,
Antonyms – : fallible, imperfect
Example – After years of experience in the police, the detective had an unerring instinct that told him when someone was lying.
7)Construe (verb) ( ख़राब करना) : cons-true
Meaning –interpret (a word or action) in a particular way/to clarify what something means
Synonyms – interpret, understand, read, see, take
Antonyms – befog, cloud confound, confuse, obfuscate
Example – What may seem helpful behaviour to you can be construed as interference by others.
8)Belie (verb) ( झुठलाना,उचित ठहराने में विफल) : bi-lie
Meaning –(of an appearance) fail to give a true impression of (something)/fail to fulfil or justify (a claim or expectation).
Synonyms – camouflage, cloak, conceal, counterfeit, disguise, hide
Antonyms – disclose, discover, evince, exhibit,
Example – Some actresses good looks belie the truth about their real age.
9)Clamour (noun) – ( हंगामा , विरोध) : cla-mur
Meaning –a loud complaint about something or a demand for something/a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting
Synonyms – outburst, protest, complaints, outcry, commotion.
Antonyms – silence,calm,order,peace
Example – After the bombing, there was a public clamour for vengeance.
10)Peg at (verb) ( सीमा तय करना) : peg-at
Meaning – fix (a price, rate, or amount) at a particular level.
Synonyms – hold down, keep down, fix, set, hold, control, freeze, limit
Example – The Bank wants to peg interest rates at 9%.
11)Dwindle (adjective) ( क्षीण होना) : dwind-ling
Meaning –diminish gradually in size, amount, or strength.
Synonyms – – diminish, decrease, reduce
Antonyms – elongate, extend, lengthen, prolong
Example – As the number of workers began to dwindle because of the cutbacks, the workload of each person became intolerable.
12)Ameliorative (verb) ( सुधारात्मक,उन्नति करनेवाला) : ame-lio-ra-tive
Meaning –to make something better or easier in some way
Synonyms – curative reformed, improved, revamped
Antonyms –harmful, injurious, damaging
Example – Ameliorative steps need to be taken to handle the worsening situation of religious intolerance.
13)Tug of war (noun) (रस्साकशी, शक्ति पर विवाद) : tug-of-war
Meaning – a situation in which two evenly matched people or factions are striving to keep or obtain the same thing.
Synonyms – battle, combat, competition, conflict, confrontation
Antonyms – concord, harmony, peace
Example – There was a constant tug-of-war between the military and the President in Pakistan.
Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.
Word of the Day
- Strangle (Verb) – रोकना
- Meaning -to stop something from developing; hamper or hinder the development or activity of
- Synonyms: hamper, hinder, impede, restrict, curb, stop, quash
- Antonyms-: encourage, promote
- Example (English) – Kuldeep Yadav and Yuzvendra Chahal strangled South African top-order batsmen in first ODI in DUrban.
- Example (Hindi) – कुलदीप यादव और युजवेन्द्र चहल ने डरबन में पहले वनडे में दक्षिण अफ्रीका के शीर्ष क्रम के बल्लेबाजों को रोका।
All the best for your exams