Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 30th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘The oil risk — on the rise in international prices‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

This article discusses the international oil prices which are increasing sharply. The article says that India needs to take some quick steps that can help in lessening the impact of higher oil prices on the country.

The oil risk — on the rise in international prices

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1) Spurt (noun)  (उछाल) : es-purt
Meaning –
an unexpected short increase in activity, development or effort
Synonyms – sprint, burst, flare, flare-up, flash, flicker
Antonyms –
  calm, doldrums, slump
Example – 
With a spurt of energy, Raman was able to cross over the finish line and won the race.

2) Brace (verb)  ( तैयार रहना) : bray-s
Meaning –
 to prepare for use by making stronger/
prepare (someone) for something difficult or unpleasant.
Synonyms –  gear up, stabilize, gird, strengthen, fortify, bolster
Antonyms –
  weaken, die down, ease off, sap, undermine
Example –
Soldiers in the capital are bracing themselves against an expected attack by rebel forces.

3) Rally (noun)  (सुधार) : ra-li
Meaning –
 recover or cause to recover in health, spirits, or poise.

Synonyms –   recovery, improve, get better, pick up, revive, rebound, 
Antonyms –
  deteriorate, worsen
Example –
He floundered for a moment, then rallied again.

4) Windfall (noun)   (अप्रत्याशित) : vind-faal
Meaning –
an unanticipated benefit, usually monetary in nature
Synonyms –  bonanza, jackpot
Antonyms –
   misfortune, bane and calamity
Example – 
The college student was thrilled when the purchase of a dollar lottery ticket won her a windfall.

5) Feel the pinch (phrase)   (कठिनाई भुगतना
Meaning –
experience hardship, especially financial.
Synonyms –  suffer hardship, have less money, be short of money, be poor, be impoverished,
Antonyms –
  rich, wealthy
Example –
The recession hit us hard and many of our customers have been feeling the pinch.

6) Hedge (noun)   (सुरक्षा) : hej
Meaning –
 a way of protecting oneself against financial loss or other adverse circumstances.

Synonyms –  safeguard, protection, shield, screen, guard, buffer, cushion
Antonyms –  expose, neglect, attack, harm
Example –
Index-linked gilts are a useful hedge against inflation.

7) Undue (adjective)  (अनुपयुक्त) : un-dew
Meaning –
at a level that is extreme, not needed
Synonyms –  excessive, extreme, immoderate.
Antonyms –
   due, appropriate, proper

Example –
Because of undue stress, the doctor decided to take a break from working at the hospital.

8) Desist from (verb)  (से बाज आना , से हटना ) : de-zist-from
Meaning – 
stop doing something; cease or abstain.
Synonyms –  abstain, refrain, forbear, hold back
Antonyms – 
Example –
During the swearing-in ceremony, each pledged to desist from acts of sabotage.

9) Taking a leaf out of the book (phrase) – (अनुसरण करना) : 
Meaning –
  To do something in the way someone else would do it; to behave or act like someone else.

Synonyms –  imitate, copy/reproduce, follow.
Antonyms –
  disregard, ignore, tune out
Example – 
As I am impressed by your healthy habits, think I’m going to take a leaf out of your book and start going for a run first thing in the morning.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Expedite
  • Subsidy
  • Exploration
  • Tightening
  • Fiscal

Word of the Day

  • Surreal  (Adjective)  –  अवास्तविक
  • Meaning – strange; not seeming real; like a dream
  • Synonyms: dreamlike, unreal, strange, unnatural, bizarre
  • Antonyms-: real, natural, actual, unimaginative
  • Example (English) –Roger Federer called his sixth Australian Open win “surreal“.
  • Example (Hindi) –  रोजर फेडरर ने अपने छठे ऑस्ट्रेलियाई ओपन जीत को “अवास्तविक” कहा।

All the best for your exams


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