Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 25th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘Reform with caution — on criminal justice system’ has been picked from ‘The Indian Express’

 This article talks about the Centre’s decision to revisit the 2003 report of the Justice V.S. Malimath Committee on reforming the criminal justice system. The article says that the Centre must act on the Malimath report which is based on restructuring criminal law, but it also suggests that the Centre must do it with due diligence.

Reform with caution — on criminal justice system

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1) Syndicate (noun) (संघ) : sin-di-cate
Meaning – 
a group that comes together to buy, trade, invest, or negotiate, usually with large amounts of capital or goods on the line
Synonyms – trust, organization, pool, cartel
Antonyms –
 individual, one, single
Example – 
Several investors pooled their money to form a syndicate where they bought stocks and traded to amass millions.

2) Nexus (noun) – (केंद्रीय) : nex-as
Meaning – 
the focal place or point
Synonyms – center, junction
Antonyms –
 dim, blur, insignificant
Example –
Today Facebook seems to be the nexus of communication.

3) Moot (verb)  (विवादास्पद) : moot
Meaning –
subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty/having little or no practical relevance.

Synonyms –  debatable  doubtful, disputable, contestable
Antonyms – certain, indubitable, unquestionable, irrefutable
Example – 
Because your facts come from an unverified source, your research paper is moot.

4) Gamut (noun) (एक पूरी रेंज) : ga-mut
Meaning – 
an entire range
Synonyms – range, scale, series, chain
Antonyms –
 individual, incomplete, pieces
Example – 
College life opened up a whole gamut of new experiences.

5) Nuance (noun) (अति सूक्ष्म अंतर) : nu-ance
Meaning – 
a subtle distinction or variation
Synonyms – shade, distinction, refinement
Antonyms –
 coarse, inexact, rough
Example – 
To solve the puzzle in the newspaper, you need to identify the nuance in the two seemingly identical pictures.

 6)Advocacy (noun)(वकालत) : ad-vo-kay-c
Meaning – 
public support for or recommendation of a particular cause or policy.
Synonyms –  support for, argument for, arguing for, calling for, pushing for, pressing for
Antonyms –
 oppose, protest, discourage
Example –
 She is well known for her advocacy of women’s rights.

7)Substantial (adjective)  (ठोस,सामान्य से बड़ा) : subs-tan-cial
Meaning –
 referring to something that is greater or larger than normal
Synonyms –
strong, firm, stout
Antonyms –
unimportant, minor, trivial
Example – 
Due to his strong compassion for the charity, the businessman donated a substantial amount of money to the cause.

8) Conviction (noun) (दोषसिद्धि) : con-vik-shun
Meaning – 
a firmly held belief or opinion, a formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.
Synonyms – sentence, judgement
Antonyms –
 acquittal
Example –
As it was her first conviction for stealing, she was given a less severe sentence.

9) Revamp (noun) (सुधार) : re-vamp
Meaning – 
give new and improved form, structure, or appearance to.
Synonyms –  renovate, redecorate, refurbish, recondition, rehabilitate
Antonyms –
 destroy, damage, abolish
Example –
The public school system is undergoing a revamp due to a project in conjunction with the World Bank.

9) Prism (noun)  (विशेष दृष्टिकोण) : pri-sm
Meaning – 
used to refer to the clarification or distortion afforded by a particular viewpoint.
Synonyms – perspective, standpoint, angle, outlook
Example –
T
hey were forced to imagine the disaster through the prism of television.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Pursue
  • Adverse
  • Dissatisfaction
  • Confession
  • Provision

Word of the Day

  • Clemency(Noun)  – दया ,क्षमादान
  • Meaning –a decision not to punish someone severely
  • Synonyms: mildness, indulgence, forbearance, quarter
  • Antonyms-: ruthlessness, strictness क्षमादान
  • Example (English) –In their letter to the governor, the victim’s family asked him not to give clemency to their son’s murderer.
  • Example (Hindi) – राज्यपाल को दिए गये अपने पत्र में, पीड़ित के परिवार ने उससे कहा कि वह उनके बेटे के हत्यारे को क्षमादान न दे।

All the best for your exams

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