Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 24th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘Monkey business’ has been picked from ‘The Indian Express’

 This article discusses alienating of the scientific community by Minister of State for Human Resource Development Satyapal Singh as he has trashed the theory of evolution. The article says that Satyapal Singh  must not be allowed to run away from urgent questions about the state of education.

Monkey business

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1) Unfathomable(adjective) (अपरिमेय) : un-fath-uh-muh-bull
Meaning –  
incapable of being fully explored, impossible to comprehend or understand
Synonyms –  inscrutable, incomprehensible, enigmatic, incalculable, indecipherable
Antonyms –
 comprehensible, penetrable 
Example –
The skills required to play modern video games are unfathomable to most parents.

2) Contemporary (adjective) (समकालीन) : con-tum-pur-ari
Meaning –
  living or occurring at the same time, belonging to or occurring in the present.

Synonyms –   modern, present-day, present, current, present-time, immediate, extant
Antonyms –
 old-fashionedout of date
Example – 
While young people tend to prefer contemporary music, the older generation prefers to listen to music from the 1970’s and the 1980’s.

3)Alienate(verb) (हटाना ,हस्तांतरित करना) : ep-hem-ral
Meaning – 
 make (someone) feel isolated or estranged ,transfer ownership of (property rights) to another person or group.

Synonyms –   estrange, turn away, set apart, drive apart, isolate, detach, distance
Antonyms –
 unite
Example – 
If the president does not agree to the prime minister’s terms, he will alienate one of the nation’s strongest allies.

4) Grasp (समझ,पकड़ना) : ep-hem-ral
Meaning –  
a person’s understanding(Noun) ,  seize and hold firmly (Verb).
Synonyms –   grip, clutch, perception, apprehension, awareness
Antonyms –
 missoverlook
Example –
Some words in this book are so tough that they are beyond my grasp.

5) Primordial(adjective) (मौलिक) : ep-hem-ral
Meaning –  
existing at or from the beginning of time, (especially of a feeling or state) basic and fundamental.
Synonyms-: instinctive, primitive, basic, intuitive,
Antonyms
 – secondary, unimportant
Example – 
Researchers are still trying to determine the number of planets that originally existed in the primordial galaxy.
6) Trash (verb) (verb) : ep-hem-ral
Meaning –  
damage or destroy, criticize severely.
Synonyms –   wreck, ruin, criticize, lambaste, censure
Antonyms –
  preservation, protection, compliment, appraise
Example –
Some people always trash others no matter how good they are.

7) Leverage(verb) (इस्तेमाल) : ep-hem-ral
Meaning – 
 use (something) to maximum advantage/
use borrowed capital for (an investment), expecting the profits made to be greater than the interest payable
Example – T
he organization needs to leverage its key resources to maximize its profit.
8)Vanish (verb) (ग़ायब हो जाना) : ep-hem-ral
Meaning –  
disappear suddenly and completely.
Synonyms –   disappear,  invisible, evaporate, dissipate
Antonyms –
 arrive, break out, come out, emerge,
Example – The roads vanished into the fog as we drove in a chilly winter morning.

9) Presumably (adverb) (शायद) : ep-hem-ral
Meaning –  
used to convey that what is asserted is very likely though not known for certain.
Synonyms –   assume, expect, believe, presume, suppose,
Antonyms –
 implausibly, inconceivably, incredibly, unbelievably
Example – 
The jurors can presumably go home since the verdict has been read.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Majority
  • Instance
  • Fluency
  • Diverting
  • Latest

Word of the Day

  • Adamant(Noun)  – अटल
  • Meaning – refusing to be persuaded or to change one’s mind.
  • Synonyms: unshakeable, immovable, inflexible, unwavering, uncompromising
  • Antonyms – unsure, movable,confuse
  • Example (English) – You should be so adamant in your career decisions that no one can change your mind.
  • Example (Hindi) – आपको अपने कैरियर के निर्णयों में इतना अटल रहना चाहिए कि कोई भी आपका दिमाग  नहीं बदल  सके|

All the best for your exams

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