Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 20th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘Path to prosperity’ has been picked from ‘The Indian Express’

This article talks about Price deficiency payments. The article says that such systems are the way forward as the government simply pays the difference between the MSP and the market-determined price, such schemes are less market-distorting, while also more economical and equitable than programmes which requires physical purchases and stocking.

Path to prosperity

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Procurement (noun) ( खरीद , हासिल करना): pro-cure-ment
Meaning –
the action of obtaining or procuring something.
Synonyms – acquirement,  attainment,  gain
Antonyms – sale,lose , give away
Example – If you would like to go on the school field trip, procurement of your parents’ signature on this permission form is necessary.

2)Plank (noun) ( राजनीतिक या अन्य कार्यक्रम का एक बुनियादी बिंदु): plangk
Meaning – 
a fundamental point of a political or other programme.
Synonyms –  platform , support , basic , primary
Antonyms – secondary , incidental
Example – Encouraging people to shop locally is a central plank of his environment policy.

3)Oust (verb) ( बाहर निकालना): oust
Meaning – 
to banish or kick out
Synonyms –  expel,dismiss,eject,evict
Antonyms – appoint,welcome,keep
Example –Environmental specialists would prefer to oust herbicides because they can cause health problems and diseases to many people.

4)Rupture (verb) ( टूटना):   ruhp-cher
Meaning – 
a crack that interrupts peaceable relations
Synonyms –  split,break,rift
Antonyms – collaborate, mend , join
Example – The missile launch is sure to rupture the relationship between the two countries.

5)Underside (noun) (  आमतौर पर दृष्टि से छिपा हुआ  पक्ष):un-der-sahyd
Meaning – 
the less favourable aspect of something, a side usually hidden from sight; specifically the more unpleasant or reprehensible side
Synonyms –  bottom, depth, underneath
Antonyms –  top,supreme
Example – The book explores the underside of human nature.

6)Insurgency (noun) ( विद्रोह): in-sur-jun-see
Meaning – 
an active revolt or uprising, a violent attempt to oppose a country’s government carried out by citizens of that country.
Synonyms – rebellion,revolt,mutiny
Antonyms – calm, compliance
Example – Saddam hussain has led a violent armed insurgency for 15 years.

7)Carved out (phrase) ( कड़ी मेहनत से कमाना): carved
Meaning –
 to make or create (a career/reputation)
Synonyms –  earn, create
Example – You need to carve out your own future, nobody will do it for you.

9)Turbulent (adjective) ( अशांत): tur-byuh-lent
Meaning – 
characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not stable or calm , being in a wild or disordered state
Synonyms –  :tempestuous, stormy, unstable, unsettled
Antonyms –  calm, peaceful,still,tranquil
Example – The recession is going to cause turbulent times for families who are already struggling to pay their bills.

10)Leave no stone unturned (phrase) ( कोई कसर न छोड़ना)
Meaning- 
try every possible course of action in order to achieve something.
Synonyms –  deal with , make up
Antonyms – 
ignore , neglect 
Example – 
The researcher left no stone unturned in her search for the original documents.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Prosperity
  • Sensitivity
  • Counterparts
  • Equitable
  • Depressing

Word of the Day

  • Reticent(Noun)  – कम बोलने वाला , अल्पभाषी
  • Meaning –not revealing one’s thoughts or feelings readily, keeping to yourself; not likely to draw attention to yourself
  • Synonyms – reserved, withdrawn, introverted, restrained, inhibited
  • Antonyms – expansivegarrulous, communicative, unreserved, outgoing, extrovert, talkative, outgoing
  • Example (English) – Because Riya is so reticent, you hardly ever know what she’s thinking.
  •  Example (Hindi) – क्योंकि रिया बहुत ही मितभाषी है, आप शायद ही कभी यह जान सकते हैं कि वह क्या सोच रही है।

All the best for your exams

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