Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 19th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘Killjoy states: Imagine. The world grows in our imaginations. But not for these four governments‘ has been picked from ‘The Times of India’

This article from Times of India talks about the four states which are still against the release of historical film Padmavat despite clearance from Censor Board.The article says that such ban on freedom of speech promotes authoritarianism and suppresses artists and creative individuals. As a result, it endorses the writ of violent mob.

Killjoy states: Imagine. The world grows in our imaginations. But not for these four governments

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Abject (noun) ( अधम, घृणित): ab-ject
Meaning –
 (of something bad) experienced or present to the maximum degree , cast down in spirit or hope
Synonyms –  wretched, miserable, hopeless, pathetic, pitiful
Antonyms – proud, happy, exalted
Example – The football player was abject after the false allegation of match-fixing on him and being cut from the team.

2)Formidable (noun) ( दुर्जेय, विकट):  fawr-mi-duh-bull
Meaning –
 something that inspires fear, inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.
Synonyms –  intimidating, forbidding, redoubtable, daunting
Antonyms –  pleasant-looking, comfortingeasyweak
Example – Walking across a four-lane highway with my eyes closed is a formidable challenge!

3)Killjoy (noun) ( आन्नद में विघ्न डालने वाला): kil-joi
Meaning –
 a person who deliberately spoils the enjoyment of others.
Synonyms -:  naysayer, moaner, complainer, mope, Cassandra
Example – His perpetually negative attitude made him a real killjoy when others were trying to have fun.

4)Vandalism (noun) ( बर्बरता): van-dl-iz-um
Meaning –
 action involving deliberate destruction of or damage to public or private property
Synonyms -:  destruction, hooliganism, devastation
Antonyms –  safeguarding, support
Example – The youths were charged with vandalism for beating the new student in the hostel.

5)Backhanded (noun) (व्यंग भरी):  bak-han-did
Meaning –
 having a meaning that is expressed indirectly or ambiguously.
Synonyms -:  indirect, ambiguous, oblique
Antonyms –   direct, straightforward
Example – In a backhanded compliment, she said he looked very good for his age.

6)Sanctity (noun) ( शुचिता): sangk-ti-tee
Meaning –
 the condition of being holy or having great value
Synonyms -:  holiness, godliness, sacredness
Antonyms –  wickedness, evilness, sinfulness, iniquity
Example – Your reckless driving jeopardizes the sanctity of life.

7)Spawn (noun) ( जन्म देना): spawn
Meaning –
 to generate or produce
Synonyms -:  give rise to, bring about, originate
Antonyms –  kill , destroy , stop
Example – Big earthquakes tend to spawn smaller aftershocks that continue to rock the area for several hours or days.

8)Unnerve (noun) ( अशक्त करना): un-nurv
Meaning –
 to make someone lose confidence; to discourage
Synonyms -:  demoralize, discourage, dishearten, dispirit
Antonyms –  : encourage, hearten
Example – In an effort to unnerve his foe, the politician brought up some of the less honourable things he had done in the past during their debate.

9)Writ (noun) ( रिट): rit
Meaning –
 a form of written command in the name of a court or other legal authority to act, or abstain from acting, in a particular way/the power to enforce submission and compliance
Synonyms -:  summons, subpoena, warrant, arraignment, indictment
Example – Enforcing justice is something beyond the writ of the average citizen, which is why they are not allowed to take the law into their own hands.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Defamation
  • Reiterate
  • Incompetence
  • Ironic
  • Harvest

Word of the Day

  • Perforce(Noun)  –  मजबूरन
  • Meaning – used to express necessity or inevitability.
  • Synonyms – necessarily, of necessity, inevitably, unavoidably
  • Antonyms – unnecessarily, optionally
  • Example (English) –  Perforce,  I have to eat rice for dinner because no other option is available there.
  • Example (Hindi)  – मजबूरन, मुझे रात के खाने के लिए चावल खाना पड़ता है क्योंकि वहां कोई अन्य विकल्प उपलब्ध नहीं है I

All the best for your exams


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