Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 17th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘Faultlines in economy‘ has been picked from ‘The Indian Express’

This article discusses the shortcomings in the current scenario of Indian Economy. The article says that improvement in corporate earnings cannot be sustained on decreasing macro fundamentals.

Faultlines in economy

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Muddy(verb)  ( अस्पष्ट, भ्रमित): muhd-ee
Meaning –
 make (something) hard or harder to understand.
Synonyms -:  obscure, confuse, obfuscate, blur, cloud, befog
Antonyms – bright, clear, clarify, reveal, illuminate
Example –  As they have muddied the issue with religion, it has created a riot-like situation in society.

2)Surge (verb)  ( उछाल): surj
Meaning –
 move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward/sudden large increase in something that has previously been steady, or has only increased or developed slowly.
Synonyms -:   rise, growth, upswing, upsurge, escalation, jump
Antonyms – decline, decrease
Example – Specialists see various reasons for the recent surge in inflation.

3)Deleveraging(verb)  ( परिसंपत्तियों को तेजी से बेचकर ऋण के स्तर को कम करने की प्रक्रिया ): dele-ver-aging
Meaning –
 the process or practice of reducing the level of one’s debt by rapidly selling one’s assets.
Synonyms – reducing, Managing
Example – Company management realized the amount of debt they were carrying had become treacherous and immediately began deleveraging  to reduce the risk.

4)Consolidation(noun)  ( समेकन): kun-sol-i-dey-shun
Meaning –
 the action or process of combining a number of things into a single more effective or coherent whole.
Synonyms -:  agglomeration, amalgamation, blend, coalescence
Antonyms – split, dissolution, disunion, division
Example – The bank official asked us to consolidate our bills and important documents in one place.

5)Promising(verb)  ( होनहार, आशाजनक):  prom-uh-sing
Meaning – 
showing signs of future success.
Synonyms -:   good, encouraging, favourable, hopeful
Antonyms – unfavourable, inauspicious, ominous
Example – Virat Kohli gave the signs of a promising cricketer in very early age.

6)Transitional (noun)  ( अवस्थापरिवर्तनकालिक):  tran-si-tion-al
Meaning –
 belonging or relating to a change, or the process of change, from one form or type to another form or type
Synonyms -:  intermediate, middle, midway
Antonyms – permanent, changeless, initialfinal
Example – We are still in the transitional stage between the old and new methods.

7)Strain (noun)  ( तनाव): streyn
Meaning –
 a severe or excessive demand on the strength, resources, or abilities of someone or something.
Synonyms -: pressure, demands, burdens, exertions 
Antonyms – relax, rest, comfort, decompression
Example – The accusations put a strain on relations between the two countries.

8)Wayside (noun)  ( सड़क के किनारे , उपेक्षित): wey-sahyd
Meaning –
The side or edge of a road, way, path, or highway / out of consideration, into a condition of neglect or disuse
Synonyms -: neglectable, disuse, abandonment
Example – Luxury items fall by the wayside during a recession.

9)Optimism(noun)  ( आशावाद): op-tuh-miz-um
Meaning –
 hopefulness and confidence about the future or the success of something.
Synonyms -:   hope, confidence, buoyancy, cheer
Antonyms – pessimism, gloom, despair
Example – You must maintain a sense of optimism, despite all the mishappenings that happened.

10)Sluggish (adjective)  ( सुस्त,निष्क्रिय):  sluhg-ish
Meaning –
 slow-moving or inactive.
Synonyms -:  quiet, slow, slack, flat, depressed, stagnant
Antonyms – active, fast, lively, energetic
Example –  After a sluggish start, team India picked up very well in the middle of the match and won it.

Word of the Day

  • Nefarious (Adjective)  – जघन्य , कुटिल
  • Meaning – (typically of an action or activity) wicked or criminal.
  • Synonyms – Heinous, odious, outrageous, vicious, Abominable
  • Antonyms – Kind, gentle, pleasant, humane, congenial
  • Example (English) – The nefarious September 11th attacks did not weaken America.
  • Example (Hindi) – 11 सितंबर के जघन्य  हमलों ने अमेरिका को कमजोर नहीं किया।

Now it’s time to check your vocabulary. We have given below some words from the same article. Try to make sentences with these words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us –

  • Earnings
  • Sustained
  • Deteriorate
  • Fundamental
  • Gradually

All the best for your exams

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