Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 16th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘Terms of endearment‘ has been picked from ‘The Indian Express’

This article talks about increasing engagement of India with the United States as the US Ambassador Kenneth Juster’s proposed to have India and the US post “reciprocal military liaison officers at each other’s combatant commands”. The article says that such engagement with the US is good, but India must be careful not to put at risk its strategic flexibility and its interests.

Terms of endearment

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Imperil (verb)  ( संकट में डालना): im-per-ul
Meaning –
 put at risk of being harmed, injured, or destroyed/to be in danger of something or someone
Synonyms -:  endanger, jeopardize, risk
Antonyms – save, guard, rescue
Example – Even though roller coasters seem safe, they can imperil the lives of the riders as well as those on the ground due to frequent mechanical failures and poor inspections.

2)Impinge (verb)  ( टकराना,ठोकर खाना): im-pinj
Meaning –
 to produce an effect, usually an unwanted one
Synonyms-: affect, influence, invade
Antonyms – avoid, dodge, calculate
Example – You are free to pursue all the things that make you happy as long as you do not impinge on the freedoms of others during your pursuit.

3)Endearment(noun)  ( लाड़ प्यार): en-deer-ment
Meaning –
 actions or words that convey affection
Synonyms-: affection, fondness, tenderness
Antonyms – dislike, estrangement, ghastliness
Example – Mother hoped her words of endearment would make her son feel better after he failed his exam.

4)Averse (adjective)  ( प्रतिकूल): ah-vurs
Meaning –
 actively not liking something, having a strong dislike of or opposition to something.
Synonyms-: opposed to, against, antipathetic to, hostile to, antagonistic to
Antonyms – desirous, inclined, willing, keen
Example – She was so self-conceited that she was averse to all advice from others.

5)Maneuvre (noun)  ( अमंगल): mane-u-vare
Meaning –
 a planned and controlled movement or operation by the armed forces for training purposes and in war
Synonyms-: operation, exercise, activity, move
Example – Reversing round a corner is one of the manoeuvres you are required to perform in a driving test.

6)Stark (adjective)  ( निरा , कोरा): stahrk
Meaning –
severe or bare in appearance or outline.
Synonyms-: blunt, bald, bare, simple, straightforward
Antonyms – lush, filled, adorned, cheerful
Example –This tragedy serves as a stark reminder of the dangers of drunk driving.

7)Array (noun)  ( श्रंखला): array-ed
Meaning –
 a large collection of things or people
Synonyms-: arrange, assemble, draw up, group, order, range,
Antonyms – disorder, derange ,disrupt
Example – As the marriage date approaching, she started experiencing a bewildering array of emotions.

8)Admonish (verb)  ( धिक्कारना ,  ताड़ना देना, चेताना ) : ad-mon-ish-ing
Meaning –
 to scold; to warn strongly
Synonyms-: reprimand, rebuke, scold, reprove
Antonyms – praise,  applaud, commend,  compliment
Example – Stewart is going to admonish the restaurant for poor customer service.

9)Assertive (adjective)  ( मुखर): ah-sur-tiv
Meaning –
 boldly self-assured; confident without being aggressive
Synonyms-: confident, positive, bold, decisive, assured
Antonyms – Shy, indefinite
Example – The manager was pleased with the assertive handshake from the interviewee.

10)Terms of endearment (adjective)  ( प्यार या स्नेह के शब्द):
Meaning –
 word or phrase used to address or describe a person, animal or inanimate object for which the speaker feels love or affection.
Synonyms-: sweet words, sweet talk
Antonyms – harsh, bitter
Example – No term of endearment crossed their lips when the prime ministers of India and Pakistan met.

Word of the Day

  • Fiat (Adjective)  – हुक्म
  • Meaning – a formal authorization or a commanding order
  • Synonyms – Edict, decree, dictum, command, dictate
  • Antonyms – denial, disapproval, request
  • Example (English) – The dictator rules his country by fiat and expects everyone to obey his orders.
  • Example (Hindi) – तानाशाह हुक्म द्वारा देश पर शासन करता है और हर किसी द्वारा आदेशों का पालन करने की उम्मीद करता है।

Try to answer the following questions which are based on the given passage –

  • What are the reasons that have affected perceptions of America’s reliability as a partner of any country?
  • Who is the United Staes Ambassador and what he has proposed to India as mentioned in the passage?

Now it’s time to check your vocabulary. We have given below some words from the same article. Try to make sentences with these words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Strategic
  • Component
  • Formalising
  • Concessions
  • Justified

All the best for your exams


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