Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 13th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘Security questions’ has been picked from ‘The Indian Express’

 The article sheds lights on the introduction of disposable IDs, authentication tokens and tiered KYC requirements by UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India )to reduce the exposure of Aadhaar numbers. This article applauds the step taken by UIDAI and says that it would develop universal trust in implementation of Aadhar Number.

Security questions

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Impregnable (verb)  ( अभेद्य): im-preg-nuh-bull
Meaning – 
not able to be defeated or demolished or overcome,
Synonyms-:  unassailable, unbeatable, unshakeable, invincible
Antonyms – conquerable, breakable, vulnerable
Example –  
Despite our squad’s best efforts, we could not win the game against the impregnable team.

2)Impugn (noun) ( चुनौती देना .बहस करना):  im-pu-gand
Meaning
–   to attack as false or questionable, dispute the truth, validity, or honesty of (a statement or motive); call into question.
Synonyms –   challenge, question, dispute, query
Antonyms – accept, support, advocate
Example –  An atheist is quick to impugn the concept of a higher power.

3)Disastrous (adjective) (विनाशकारी) : dis-as-trous
Meaning –
   causing great damage, catastrophic;
Synonyms – devastating, calamitous, cataclysmic, tragic
Antonyms – fortunate, blessed , auspicious
Example – 
Half the city was destroyed by a disastrous fire.

4)Pervasive (verb)  (व्यापक):  per-vey-siv
Meaning –
  capable of affecting or influencing everything, (especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.
Synonyms-:  prevalent, penetrating, pervading, permeating
Antonyms – limited, narrow, controlled
Example – – Voters are concerned about the pervasive rate of unemployment that is harming both the rich and the poor.

5) Deterrent (verb)  (प्रतिबंधक) – de-ter-rent
Meaning – 
a thing that discourages someone from doing something
Synonyms –    disincentive, discouragement, dissuasion, damper, brake
Antonyms – incentive, catalyst, encouragement
Example –
CCTV cameras are a major deterrent to crime.

6) Hubris (noun)(अभिमान) – hu-bris
Meaning –  
an excess of confidence; having too much pride and personal worth
Synonyms-: pride, arrogance, insolence
Antonyms -humility,, humbleness, modesty
Example – The self-assured hubris among economists was shaken in the late 1980s when the recession arrived.

7)Breach (phrasal verb)  (उल्लंघन) – breech
Meaning –
 a violation of an agreement, law, or code of ethics or conduct
Synonyms–  contravention, violation, breaking,  infringement
Antonyms – obedience, abidance
Example – After the officer’s breach of conduct was discovered, he was dishonourably discharged from the military.

8)Diligent (verb)  (मेहनती) – dil-i-jent
Meaning – 
careful in carrying out tasks and duties, having or showing care and conscientiousness in one’s work or duties.
Synonyms–  industrious, hard-working, assiduous
Antonyms – lazy, negligent, inactive
Example – You have to be a diligent student and need to go above and beyond to earn your dream career.

9)Bedrock (verb)  (आधार) –   bed-rok
Meaning – 
the fundamental principles on which something is based.
Synonyms–   core, basis, base, foundation, root
Example –  Honesty is the bedrock of a good relationship.

Word of the Day

  • Ruminate(Verb)  – चिंतन करना
  • Meaning – think deeply about something
  • Synonyms – think about, contemplate, consider,  mull over, meditate on, muse on, ponder on/over
  • Antonyms – Ignore, neglect, discard, disregard, forget
  • Example (English) –His sudden death made us all ruminate on the true value of time and life.
  • Example (Hindi) – उनकी अचानक मृत्यु ने हमें समय और जीवन के वास्तविक मूल्य पर चिंतन करने पर मजबूर कर दिया ।

Try to answer the following questions which are based on the given passage –

  • Which is the world’s biggest repository of biometric data as mentioned in the passage?
  • Who launched the ‘Aadhar’, the ambitious project of UIDAI?

Now it’s time to check your vocabulary. We have given below some words from the same article. Try to make sentences with these words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Mutual
  • Principle
  • Bulletproof
  • Withdrawal
  • Shelter
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