Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 12th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘On playing National Anthem in cinema halls: Not by diktat alone‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

This article discusses about Supreme Court’s new order to make playing of the national anthem before a film optional. The article appreciates this decision of Supreme Court and says that making it mandatory before a film was completely unnecessary.

On playing National Anthem in cinema halls: Not by diktat alone

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Harangue (verb)  ( उग्र भाषण देना): haran-guwe
Meaning – 
a loud and aggressive speech; verbal attack
Synonyms-:
 lecture, preach (in an aggressive and critical manner).
Antonyms – tribute, eulogy, accolade
Example – 
The candidate’s speech was nothing but a harangue against his opponent.

2)Diktat (noun) ( फरमान):  dik-tat
Meaning
–  an order or decree imposed by someone in power without popular consent.
Synonyms –  bill, regulation, decree.
Antonyms – Quest , appeal , plea
Example –  The school president issued a diktat that teachers may not wear jeans to work.

3)Coercive (adjective) (बलपूर्वक) :  co-ar-cive
Meaning –
  relating to or using force or threats.
Synonyms – authoritarian, imperious, high-handed.
Antonyms – conditional ,constitutional ,discretionary
Example –
 The president relied on the coercive powers of the military.

4)Presume (verb)  (मानना):   pre-zume
Meaning –
  to suppose something to be true without proof
Synonyms-: assume, expect, speculate.
Antonyms – Doubt , disbelieve , learn
Example – – Since he repaid a previous loan, the lender went on to presume that he would pay the new one.

5) Prescribe (verb)  (निर्धारित करना) – pres-cribe
Meaning –
state authoritatively or as a rule that (an action or procedure) should be carried out.
Synonyms –   stipulate, lay down, determine/establish.
Antonyms – Deregulate , avoid , abolish
Example – 
Rules prescribing five acts for a play are purely arbitrary.

6) Patron (noun)(ग्राहक) – pay-tron
Meaning – 
an individual who frequents a specific bar, eatery, or other company
Synonyms-:   customer, client, frequenter.
Antonyms – Detractor , owner
Example – Because Laura is an avid reader, she is a frequent patron at my bookstore.

7)Lay down (phrasal verb)  (निर्दिष्ट करना) – lay-dawn
Meaning –
 to state officially what someone must do or how they must do it
Synonyms– formulate, stipulate, frame.
Antonyms –annihilate, eradicate
Example – The EU has laid down tough standards for water quality.

8)Contend (verb)  (ज़ोर देना,संघर्ष करना) – con-tend
Meaning – 
to argue or challenge
Synonyms–  assert, maintain, claim/insist.
Antonyms – collaborate,  surrender
Example – The environmentalists contend the marine ecosystem is being destroyed at an alarming rate because of human pollution.

Word of the Day

  • Penchant (Noun)  – रुचि, झुकाव
  • Meaning – a strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something.
  • Synonyms – Inclination , fondness , liking , taste
  • Antonyms –  Dislike , disfavour , aversion
  • Example (English) – It’s the Indian penchant for chilli that alarms many Western visitors.
  • Example (Hindi) – भारतीयों की मिर्च में रुचि कई पश्चिमी आगंतुको को चौंका देती है|

Now it’s time to check your vocabulary. We have given below some words from the same article. Try to make sentences with these words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us.

  • unintended
  • patriotism
  • Visible
  • Ideals
  • Demonstrate

All the best for your exams

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