Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 9th January 2018

Today’s article, ‘Evidence of fragility: on underwhelming growth estimates’ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

This article talks about the economic growth that is predicted 6.5% in the current fiscal year by Chief Economic Adviser Arvind Subramanian. The article says that such growth estimates are very disappointing for a lot of reasons.

Evidence of fragility: on underwhelming growth estimates

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Leeway (verb)  ( छूट,स्वतंत्रता ):  lee-wey
Meaning
– the degree or amount of freedom to move or act that is available.
Synonyms – freedom, scope, flexibility
Antonyms –  constraintrestriction
Example – Gauri granted his daughter a lot of leeway when it came to career choice after 12th.

2)Mull (verb)  (विचार करना,सोचना) :  muhl
Meaning –
 to think about something deeply and for a long period of time
Synonyms – ponder, muse, think over, ruminate
Antonyms –
ignore, neglect, disregard
Example –
 The player had one month to mull over his decision to go to college versus heading directly into the cricket career.

3)Unclog (verb) (मुक्त करना): un-clog
Meaning –  
to free from a difficulty or obstruction, remove accumulated matter from (a drain or other channel).
Synonyms-: clear, unblock, disengage, open
Antonyms –
 clog, block, choke, congest
Example –
 State Government is finding ways to unclog the busy roads in the most crowded city.

4)Posit (verb) (सुझाव देना ,किसी स्थिति में रखना):    poz-it
Meaning –
  to offer as a suggestion, put forward as fact or as a basis for argument.
Synonyms-:   postulate, suppose, put forward
Antonyms – abstain, disregard, ignore
Example – To get suggestions for company improvements, the firm’s vice-president has asked employees to posit ideas for ways to improve morale.

5)Unravel (verb) (खोलना , खंडित करना ) –  un-rav-el-ling
Meaning –
  to cause something to separate or come apart
Synonyms – disentangle, solve,  resolve, unwind
Antonyms – Knot, ravel , contract , entangle
Example – 
Clues from the crime scene may help us unravel the mystery and solve the case.

6) Vulnerable (adverb) (भेद्य,असुरक्षित, कमजोर) – vul-ner-uh-bull
Meaning –
exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
Synonyms –   unprotected, susceptible, weak
Antonyms –  safe, invulnerable , secure 
Example – 
When the con man looked for targets, he always looked for vulnerable people.

7)Decelerate(verb) (धीमा करना ,सुस्त करना) – dee-sel-er-eyt
Meaning – 
to slow down or reduce the speed of something
Synonyms-: Brake, slow, delay, slacken
Antonyms  – fasten, quicken, speed up
Example – The train began to decelerate when it was about to reach the station.

8)Dampen (phrase)  ( नम करना, निरुत्साहित कर देना) – dampen-ing
Meaning – 
to make something slightly wet, make less strong or intense.
Synonyms– moisten, deaden, depress, restrain
Antonyms –accentuate, brighten, encourage
Example – Nothing could dampen her enthusiasm as she is determined to become an IAS Officer.

9)Underwhelm (phrase)  (निराश करना)  -under-welm-ing
Meaning- 
 fail to impress or make a positive impact on (someone); disappoint.
Synonyms – disappoint, let down, baffle, confound
Antonyms – overwhelm, tremendous
Example –
 American voters seem underwhelmed by the choices for president”

10)Headwinds (phrase) –  ( जोश,ताक़त ) – un-clog
Meaning- 
 a wind which blows in the opposite direction to the one in which you are moving.
Synonyms – against the current, gust, upwind
Antonyms – downwind
Example –
Donald Trump is facing political headwinds, including from his own base.

Word of the Day

  • Vengeance  (Noun)  –  प्रतिशोध
  • Meaning – punishment inflicted or retribution exacted for an injury or wrong
  • Synonyms – revenge, retaliation, retribution, avenge
  • Antonyms –  mercy, forgiveness, lenity, compassion
  • Example (English) – In the new poster of Baaghi 2, Tiger Shroff is shown as full of vengeance.
  • Example (Hindi) – बागी 2 के नए पोस्टर में, टाइगर श्रॉफ को प्रतिशोध से भरा हुआ दिखाया गया है।

Now it’s time to check your vocabulary. We have given below some words from the same article. Try to make sentences with these words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Fragile
  • Vigour
  • Estimate
  • Consumption
  • Shrink
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