Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 2nd January 2018

Today’s article, ‘Violators must pay: on fire tragedies’ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

This article takes into the account the recent fire tragedy in a Mumbai rooftop restaurant and says that such deliberate acts cannot be categorized as instances of mere negligence and courts shouldn’t take a liberal approach to such incidents.The article says that the courts should be concerned that their orders must ensure public safety and responsible must be prosecuted without leniency.

Violators must pay: on fire tragedies

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Tort (noun) (अपकृत्य, गलत कार्य):  taw-rt
Meaning – 
a wrongdoing, not including contract violations resulting in harm and compensation
Synonyms – 
Misconduct, crime, law-breaking
Antonyms –
Virtue, good deed
Example –
After the young man was caught stealing expensive things from the house, the homeowner took legal action against the young man for tort.

2)Relentless (adjective) (अनवरत, कठोर):  re-lent-less
Meaning –
someone or something that is persistent, harsh and unforgiving
Synonyms –   unyielding, constant, continuous
Antonyms –
 intermittent, benevolent, lenient
Example – During the battle, the relentless soldier continued to fight despite the bullet in his shoulder.

3)Meticulous (adjective)  (सूक्ष्म) : meti-ku-lus
Meaning – 
 showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise
Synonyms – 
 scrupulous,careful, diligent
Antonyms –
careless, sloppy, negligent
Example – Because her maid a meticulous cleaner, every inch of her house is spotless.

4)Befall (verb) (बीतन ा, घटित होना): bi-fall
Meaning –  
(especially of something bad) happen to (someone)
Synonyms-:  happen, overtake, occur, appear.
Antonyms – stop , disappear
Example –  Because karma repays bad people for their evil deeds, pain and suffering will eventually befall them.

5)Catastrophe (noun) (तबाही) – cata-as-tropf
Meaning –
 a disaster of huge proportions
Synonyms –  calamity, tragedy, mishappening
Antonyms – blessing, fortune, prosperity
Example – 
During the catastrophe over a thousand families lost their homes.

6)Brazen (adjective)  (निर्लज्ज) – braj-an
Meaning – 
bold and without shame
Synonyms – flagrant, shameless, blatant
Antonyms – Shy, timid, meek
Example – 
The thieves were brazen enough to leave a mocking note for the investigators.

7)Benign (adjective) (मामूली,सौम्य) -be-nine
Meaning – 
having no significant effect; harmless
Synonyms–   mild, temperate, mild, gentle, clement
Antonyms – hostile, malignant , hurtful
Example –
 When the doctor said my illness was benign, I was so happy.

8)Conscience (noun)  ( विवेक ) – con-sense
Meaning –
a person’s moral sense of right and wrong, viewed as acting as a guide to one’s behaviour.
Synonyms– morals, standards, values, principles, ethics
Antonyms –  immorality, insensibility, unaware
Example –  Ravi does not leave anything in his plate because his conscience never lets him forget about the people who are starving somewhere.

9)Rampant (adjective)  (अनियंत्रित) –  ram-pant
Meaning – 
not restrained
Synonyms – widespread, uncontrolled
Antonyms – controlled, restrained, limited, minor 
Example –
  During the riots, crime was rampant in the streets.

10)Complicit (adjective)   (सहापराध) –   compli-sit
Meaning – 
involved with others in an activity that is unlawful or morally wrong.
Synonyms – 
engaged culpable, involved
Example –
  The careers of those complicit in the ragging incident in the college were spoiled.

Word of the Day

  • Fanfare  (Noun)  –  धूमधाम
  • Meaning – a gaudy outward display, media attention or elaborate ceremony
  • Synonyms – splendour, display, ostentation, publicity
  • Antonyms –   hiding, concealment
  • Example (English) –Mumbai welcomed with great fanfare its first air-conditioned local train.
  • Example (Hindi) -मुंबई ने बड़े धूमधाम के साथ अपनी पहली वातानुकूलित लोकल ट्रेन का स्वागत किया।

Now it’s time to check your vocabulary. We have given below some words from the same article. Try to make sentences with these words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Violators
  • Guilty
  • Requirements
  • Lenient
  • Commendable

All the best for your exams

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