Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 22nd December 2017

Today’s article, ‘Transit gambit: on e-way bill mechanism for transport of goods’ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

 This article talks about the roll-out of e-way bills and says that e-way bills and matching of invoices may arise some new problems which will make tax evasion difficult and bump up collections. Hence the centre needs to simplify e-way bills for transport of goods so that it does not have any operating glitches.

Transit gambit: on e-way bill mechanism for transport of goods

Challenging Words in the Article –

1) Plummet(noun)  – (तेजी से गिरावट) – pluhm-it
Meaning –  to drop abruptly
Synonyms –  fall steeply/sharply, plunge, tumble.
Antonyms – ascend, rise, escalate
Example –  Because the number of deer in the area has started to plummet, deer hunting has been temporarily banned.

2) Substantive (noun) ( मूल ,मौलिक) – suhb-stun-tiv
Meaning –associated with issues of key importance
Synonyms – important, meaning
Antonyms –
  unimportant , inessential
Example – At next week’s meeting, the city council will vote on a substantive issue which is affecting the entire town.

3) Dilemma (noun) (दुविधा) –  dih-lem-uh
Meaning – 
  a situation in which you have to make a tough choice
Synonyms –
 difficulty, problem, conundrum.
Antonyms – solution, answer, resolution
Example – 
Most of the student’s dilemma is that they couldn’t decide which career to choose.

4) Onerous (adjective)– (कष्टदायक) – one-rus
Meaning
– involving great effort and difficulty
Synonyms –  inconvenient, troublesome, awkward.
Antonyms –
effortless, simple
Example
While the assignment seems simple, in reality, it is quite onerous.

5) Conveyance (noun)   (वाहन) – kun-vey-uns
Meaning – 
relocating a person or item usually by means of a large vehicle
Synonyms – transfer, transmission, transport
Example –
 Tour buses are used for the conveyance of tourists from one famous location to another.

6) Gambit (noun)    (रणनीति, योजना) –  gam-bit
Meaning –  something done or said in order to gain a benefit or advantage
Synonyms –  strategy, plan, the course of action.
Example – Some people get free lunch many times by performing their gambit of leaving their purse at home.

7) Glitch (noun)    (गड़बड़) –  gli-tch
Meaning – 
  a sudden malfunction
Synonyms –  problem, difficulty, issue/complication.
Antonyms – Refinement, excellence, sturdiness
Example – 
A serious glitch at the ticket counter caused several customers to be inconvenienced while waiting for the airline system to be repaired.

8) Stagger (verb)   (लड़खड़ाहट) –  sta-gar
Meaning – 
to cause to waver or doubt
Synonyms –
 totter, stumble , falter
Antonyms –Comfort, continue, help
Example –
When Bill was offered a higher salary, he started to stagger on his decision to leave the company.

9) Kick in (phrasal verb)– (प्रभाव में आया)  – kic-in
Meaning –  come into effect.
Example – 
The homoeopathic medicine takes some time to kick in.

10) Pan out (phrasal verb)  (समाप्त) -pan-out
Meaning –
  end up; conclude.
Synonyms – 
 turn/work out, conclude, result.
Antonyms – Begin , commence , arie
Example –
 He’s happy with the way the deal panned out.

Word of The Day 

  • Ram  (Verb)  –  टक्कर मारना
  • Meaning – roughly force (something) into place
  • Synonyms – clash, collide, hammer, bang, force
  • Antonyms –  halt, stop
  • Example(English) – Driverless Delhi Metro train rammed into wall during trial.
  • Example (Hindi ) – ड्रायवरलेस दिल्ली मेट्रो ट्रेन ने परीक्षण के दौरान दीवार में टक्कर मारी।

Now try to answer the following questions which are based on the given passage –

  • Why does the author think that centre needs to simplify the e-way bills?
  • Which state’s e-way bill experienced glitches in the first month?

Given below are some words to check your vocabulary? Make sentences with those words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us :

  • Differ
  • Transactions
  • Nationwide
  • Concerns
  • Exception
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