Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 21st December 2017

Today’s article, ‘Win without the shine: on BJP’s win in Gujarat and Himachal‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

This article talks about the winning of Bhartiya Janta Party in Gujrat and Himachal Pradesh States and says that this win of BJP does not give it the bragging rights as it has won the states by an extremely slim majority.

Win without the shine: on BJP’s win in Gujarat and Himachal

Challenging Words in the Article –

1) Ignominy (noun)  – (मानहानि) – ig-no-mini
Meaning –  public shame or disgrace
Synonyms – public shame, disgrace, humiliation/embarrassment.
Antonyms – honour, dignity, pride, glory
Example –  The officer left the room in ignominy after getting caught in CCTV while taking bribery.

2) Commensurate (noun) ( अनुरूप) – commen-sur-ate
Meaning –  in proportion; equal
Synonyms – appropriate to, in line with, consistent with.     
Antonyms –
  incommensurate ,unsuitable , inadequate
Example – A punishment of 10 years in prison with hard labour for stealing a loaf of bread is not commensurate with the crime.

3) Vigilante (noun) ( शांति या सुरक्षा व्यवस्थापक समिति का सदस्य) – vigi-lan-tey
Meaning – 
 a person who is not a member of law enforcement but who pursues and punishes criminals, a member of the self-appointed group which officially punishing crimes.
Synonyms –
 conservator, safeguard,  protector
Antonyms – villain, draftee
Example – 
Robinhood was a vigilante who took the law into his own hands by stealing from the rich and giving to the poor.

4) Bragging (adjective)– (डींग मारना) – brag-ing
Meaning – 
excessively proud and boastful talk about one’s achievements or possessions.
Synonyms – boastful, swaggering, pretentious, arrogant 
Antonyms – 
modest ,discreet 
Example
She’s always bragging about how many dresses she has.

5) Dividend (noun)   (लाभांश) – divi-dend
Meaning – 
a payment of money by a company to its shareholders
Synonyms – benefit, advantage, gain.
Example –
 Because he was a company shareholder, the man received a dividend check.

6) Vigour (noun)   (ताक़त) –  vig-ar
Meaning –  physical strength and good health, high level of activity
Synonyms – strength, enthusiasm , robustness, healthiness 
Antonyms –
 laziness, boredom , fearfulness
Example – During her assault, the feisty woman fought back with the vigour that surprised her attacker.

7) Palpable (adjective)   (स्पर्शनीय) –  palp-able
Meaning – 
  capable of being touched, felt, handled, or perceived
Synonyms –   perceptible, perceivable, visible/noticeable.
Antonyms – mysterious ,impalpable,unsubstantial
Example – 
There was a palpable tension in the air as contestants waited to see if they would move on to the next round of the contest.

8) Admittedly (adverb)  (वास्तव में) –  ad-mit-ed-li
Meaning – 
certainly; definitely
Synonyms –  
actually, truly, verily, indeed.
Antonyms – denyingly, barredly , blocking
Example –
 The joke was admittedly risky but the crowd didn’t seem to mind much.

9) On the face of it (phrase)– ( प्रतीत होता है)
Meaning – 
 without knowing all of the relevant facts
Synonyms –  
 apparently, seemingly, evidently.
Antonyms – blankly, truly, aimlessly, agilely
Example – On the face of it,
these improvements look to be insignificant.

10) Hold out (phrasal verb)  (रहना, जारी रखना)
Meaning –
  resist or survive in difficult circumstances.
Synonyms –  
 remain, last, continue, resist, withstand
Antonyms – yield, surrender
Example –
 Our troops held out against constant attacks.

Word of The Day 

  • Dainty (Adjective)  –  स्वादिष्ट, सुरुचिकर, सुकुमार
  • Meaning – bewildered or perplexed
  • Synonyms – baffle, bewildered, mystify, bemuse, perplex, astounded
  • Antonyms –  enlightened, explained
  • Example(English) – There’s no need for niceties and dainty dishes when you’re with your old friends.
  • Example (Hindi ) –  जब आप पुराने मित्रों के साथ होते हैं तो बहुत अच्छी व्यवस्था और स्वादिष्ट भोजन आदि की आवश्यकता नहीं होती।

Given below are some words to check your vocabulary? Make sentences with those words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us :

  • Revive
  • Desperate
  • Flawed
  • Separated
  • Reforms
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