Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 4th December 2017

Today’s article, ‘End mob rule: Law is needed to make instigators of violent protests criminally liable’ has been picked from ‘The Times of India’

This article talks about the Right to Protest in our democracy and says that sometimes this right to protest violates the rule of law which includes protection of life and property from wanton damage. The article suggests that a Law is highly required to punish instigators of violent protests.

End mob rule: Law is needed to make instigators of violent protests criminally liable

Challenging Words in the Article –

1) Browbeat (Verb)(धमकाना) –  brou-beet
Meaning –  to bully in an intimidating way
Synonyms –    bully, hector, intimidate, force
Antonyms –  praise, compliment, persuade
Example – A witness must not be browbeaten by the police under cross-examination.

2) Wanton (Adjective) (प्रचंड) – won-tn
Meaning –  having no concern for the rights, feelings, or safety of others
Synonyms – 
deliberate, willful, malicious, malevolent
Antonyms –   decent, kind, merciful
Example – 
The man is probably going to get the death penalty for his wanton killing of six schoolchildren.

3)  Benign  (Adjective) (सौम्य ) – be-nine
Meaning –
 having no significant effect; harmless
Synonyms – friendly, warm, affectionate
Example – 
Since I meant no harm with my words, I beg you to forgive my benign statement.

4) Enact (Verb) (प्रदान करना ) –  en-akt
Meaning – 
to authorize as a law or decree , make (a bill or other proposal) law.
Synonyms – 
pass, approve, ratify, validate
Antonyms – Abolish, repeal, cancel
Example –
 The government will enact a law that will create harsh penalties for criminals involved in identity theft.

5) Cognisance   (Noun) (संज्ञान) –  cog-ni-zance
Meaning – 
knowledge or awareness.
Synonyms –  awareness, notice, knowledge, consciousness
Antonyms –  ignorance, unawareness
Example –
The teacher is developing cognizance of the child’s intellectual activity.

6) Wrecked (Noun)(बर्बाद) –  wrecked
Meaning –
 to destroy or damage something
Synonyms – destruction, sinking
Antonyms –   compensate, repair, build
Example – 
Because they arrested him before he could hurt anyone else, the police were able to wreck the terrorist’s plans.

7) Instigate  (Verb) (भड़काना) –  insti-gate
Meaning – 
to trigger something
Synonyms – 
set in motion, put in motion, start, begin, initiate,
Antonyms –  halt, stop, calm, discourage
Example – 
Hopefully, the red band campaign will instigate a greater awareness of cancer prevention.

8) Maim (Adjective) (पंगु बनाना) – may-m
Meaning –
  wound or injure (a person or animal) so that part of the body is permanently damaged.
Synonyms –
injure, wound, hurt, disable
Antonyms – heal, cure, mend
Example – 
When the terrorists made their plan, their intent was to maim or kill as many government workers as possible.

9) Conviction (Phrase) (दोषसिद्धि) – kun-vik-shun
Meaning –
 a formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence , a firmly held belief or opinion.
Synonyms – 
declaration/pronouncement of guilt, sentence, judgement 
Example –
He will appeal against her conviction in Supreme Court.

 Word of The Day 

  • Exorcise  (Verb)  –  भूत भगाना
  • Meaning – in a way that attempts to avoid notice or attention; secretively
  • Synonyms – drive out, cast out, expel, purge
  • Antonyms – welcome, maintain, hold
  • Example(English) –  Mirabai Chanu exorcised the ghosts of her loss in Rio Olympics by winning the gold medal at the World Weightlifting Championship.
  • Example (Hindi ) –  मीराबाई चानू ने वर्ल्ड वेटलिफ्टिंग चैंपियनशिप में स्वर्ण पदक जीतकर रियो ओलंपिक में अपनी हार के भूत को भगा दिया।

Now try to answer the following questions which are based on the given passage –

  • What should be the aim of law that is suggested in the passage?
  • What does the author mean by the word ‘Mobocracy’?

Given below are some words to check your vocabulary? Make sentences with those words in the comment section which will be reviewed by us:

  • Mob
  • Purview
  • Conduct
  • Compensation
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