Important International Organization Part-2

In competitive exams, many questions come from the international organization. We have covered some international organization in the previous article. So, in this article, we will continue with the remaining organization.

Important International Organization Part-2

European Union

Founded in  1 November 1993
Headquarters  Brussels, Belgium
Members 28 European countries
Remarks  

Treaty of Maastricht established the European Union in 1992. Recently United Kingdom has initiated a process for withdrawing from EU.

Head European council President- Donald Franciszek Tusk

European Commission president- Jean-Claude Juncker

Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

Founded in  1967
Headquarters  Jakarta, Indonesia
Members Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand (Founding members), Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam.
Remarks  

ASEAN promotes Pan-Asianism and intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, military, educational and cultural integration amongst its members and Asian states.

Head Chairman- Rodrigo Duterte

Secretary-General- Le Luong Minh

 SAARC

Founded in 1985
HQ Kathmandu(Nepal)
Member Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka
Remark  The organization promotes the development of economic and regional integration. It launched the South Asian Free Trade Area in 2006.
Head Amjad Hussain B. Sial (Secretary-General)

Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)

Founded in 1997
HQ Dhaka, Bangladesh
India and BIMSTEC Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal
Remark The BIMSTEC states are among the countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

Founded in 15 June 2001
Headquarter Beijing, China
Member  China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Founded in 4th April 1949
Headquarters  Brussels, Belgium
Head General Petr Pavel, Czech Land Forces
Members NATO is an alliance that consists of 29 independent member countries across North America and Europe.
Remarks NATO constitutes a system of collective defense whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party. Three NATO members (the United States, France, and the United Kingdom) are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and are officially nuclear-weapon states.

 

Head Jens Stoltenberg (Secretary-General)

Nuclear Supplier Group(NSG)

Founded in 1974
India and NSG India is not a member of NSG
Important fact about NSG Ø  It is a group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.

 

Ø  It has also been referred to as the London Group, or the London Suppliers Group.

Member Countries 48

International Court of Justice(ICJ)

Founded in 1945
Headquarter Hague, Netherland
India and ICJ India is a member of ICJ
The important fact about ICJ The Court has a twofold role: to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States (Contentious cases) and to give advisory opinions (Advisory proceedings) on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.
President Johnny Abraham

The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)

Founded in 15 May 1992 (as Collective Security Treaty)
7 Oct 2002 (as Collective Security Treaty Organization)
Headquarters Moscow, Russia
Head Yuri Khachaturov
Members 6 members and 2 observers

Read here
International Organization Part-1

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